- 1GHz or faster processor
- 1GB System Memory
- 10GB unallocated drive space
- Minimum screen resolution of 800 x 600 for graphical installation
- Minimum hardware for Accelerated desktops
- Intel prior to GMA9xx
- NVIDIA prior to NV30 (GeForce FX5xxx series)
- Radeon prior to R400 (Radeon 9500)
Monday, 8 August 2016
Fedora 24 was released last month and lately I tried it after installing on my HP Pavilion dv6 model and the overall experience is awesome. In this article, I am covering up the installation of Fedora 24 along with the different desktop environments, minimum system requirements, features and what's new in the latest release and things you should do just after installing Fedora.
Minimum system requirements for Fedora 24
If you wish to install and use Fedora as your primary OS, you need to have these minimum system requirements for it's smoother functioning.
Download Fedora 24
You can grab a Fedora 24 copy from Fedora website : https://getfedora.org/workstation/download/. There are options to download 32/64 bit versions. I would suggest you go for a 64-bit version.
Creating a live USB for Fedora 24
If you are on Windows host, you can create the live USB through liveUSB creator. If you are using Ubuntu, you can use the similar software - Unetbootin. You can use the command line too from Ubuntu or other Linux distros to create a live USB.
Installing Fedora 24 in Oracle VM Virtual Box
You can either use the live USB to try out Fedora 24 before you decide to switch completely to it. Or, if you have been already using it and want the latest release, you can install it along with other OS or completely replace it.
Virtual Box is a great way to try out, and even work out on distros without having the pain of creating a separate partition and having to worry about the GRUB menu troubleshooting. The advantage of VM Ware for people like me is that we can't create unlimited no. of partitions for trying out the different flavors of Linux with limited hard disk space.
Installing Fedora 24 in Oracle VM Virtual Box is very easy and it will take some min at max. You need to set up a virtual machine first and then use the ISO you downloaded to install the Fedora 24 in the virtual box as a fix OS.
Read here the steps for :
Installing Fedora 24 in a dual boot with Windows 10
The process of dual booting Fedora 24 along side with Windows involves the step as of Installing Fedora 24 in Virtual Box. The additional steps involves creating a partition and making sure you do not actually over write the Windows partition in the process of dual booting Fedora 24 with Windows 10. I say this, coz I have done this mistake once and lost all my data. Rest all steps are same as Installing Fedora 24 in Virtual Box.
This is all for today, we will be covering some more topics related to Fedora OS in coming days. Thanks for reading this, do subscribe to our blog.
Friday, 5 August 2016
This is a generic article for setting up the virtual machine for installation of any Linux distribution in Virtual Box. The tutorial will help you to assign memory, create a virtual hard drive, enabling your system for 64-bit OS and more.
The first step is to grab a installation copy from Virtual Box website. Here's the link : virtualbox download. The download options will include Virtual box for Windows host, OS X host and Linux / Solaris hosts.
Once you are done with the download and installation part which is pretty simple, the next step includes setting up the Virtual Box to run a Linux distribution. The steps are common for any distro and repetitive too.
Before you set up the virtual machine, if you need to run a 64-bit distribution, you will need to enable the Virtualization Technology. To do so, restart your system and press the key to enter the BIOS setting (for my HP Pavilion dv6, pressing Escape key is sufficient. It may be F8 or F12 too). Once done you will find a screen similar to this.
Select BIOS Setup and under Virtualization Technology, select Enable. Save and restart your PC. The blank screen while booting up a Linux screen can also be solved by enabling this feature.
Now coming back to setting up virtual machine for Linux, Fedora in this case, open the Virtual Box, and click on New.
The next window will ask you for the Name, Type and Version of the OS. I have typed Fedora in the Name section and the next two are determined by the VM itself. You can change it though.
Click on next. The step will ask for the amount of RAM you want to allocate to the virtual machine. Anything above 1GB will be fine here.
Click on Next. The next two windows will ask for the virtual disk settings. Select "Create a virtual hard disk now".
In the hard disk file type, leave it to the default option - VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image).
Under storage on physical hard disk, you can select dynamically allocated or fixed size.
The next step is to choose the file location and size of the storage you want to allocate to the Virtual Machine.
This was the initial set up of the Virtual Box. The next step is to link the downloaded Fedora 24 ISO to this machine. In the screenshot below, you can see the settings. Click on the storage, and click on the icon as shown. Select choose virtual optical disk file and select the ISO you have downloaded. Click on ok and finish.
In this way, you have set up the virtual box for any Linux distribution and linked the ISO file to this virtual box. Next step is Installing Fedora 24 in Virtual Box. You can return to the Complete Installation Guide for Fedora 24 for other options.
|Fedora 24 Desktop|
This post is dedicated to Installing Fedora 24 in Virtual Box. Before you proceed with the installing of Fedora 24 in a Virtual Box, you first need to download and create a liveUSB or DVD and set up Virtual Machine for Linux.
Once you are done with the pre-requisite steps, boot the Virtual Machine you have created and select "Start Fedora-Workstation-Live 24" from the list.
The next screen will ask you if you want to just try the Fedora 24 or want to install it on your disk. You can use it for some day before installing it to find if it suits you and your work.
Click on "Install to Hard Drive.". The installation instructions begins appear. Choose the language from the list. It was really great to see various Indian Language available for Fedora. No other distros provided such a large collection of regional languages.
Once you are done, click on Continue. The next screen in Installing Fedora 24 in Virtual Box is User Settings. Click on root password and enter the root password. If you want to create a user, click on user creation, type in the username and password for the account. Also, you can give the Administrator privileges to the user you create by selecting a check box option.
Once you are done, the next screen will be for selecting the Keyboard layout, Time zone, installation destination and network and hostname. Fill out the details, though all of it would already be detected and you only need it to change if you don't want the default.
Click on Begin Installation to proceed with the installation of Fedora 24 in Virtual Box. It will take less than 10 min for the installation to complete. Once done, it will ask you to restart your computer.
Enable Full Screen Mode
When I installed Fedora 24 and rebooted it, it was not the full screen mode and didn't cover the complete screen. To enable the full screen mode, you need to install the guest addition for Fedora. Open Virtual Box and in the Menu > Devices > Install Guest Additions CD image. Once done, you can reboot the machine and can Fedora will start in full screen mode.
If you are facing any issues, this page have a detailed article on how to install it.
Monday, 18 July 2016
Canonical in one of the article announced a security breach on Ubuntu forum using the widely known hacking technique, SQL injection. The security breach was discovered on July 14th, after a Ubuntu Forum Council member notified the the Canonical's IS team about a person claiming to have a copy of Forums database.
|Ubuntu Forum screenshot. Source: UbuntuForums.org|
The hackers used the SQL injection technique to read data from the user tables thus gaining access to the username, email address and IP address for more than 2 million users. Since the Ubuntu Forums uses single sign on for logins, no active passwords were accessed.
Canonical also claims that the attacker was not able to have access to Ubuntu Code repository and user passwords. Neither were they able to escalate past remote SQL read access and gain remote SQL write access to the forums database.
If you are unaware, Ubuntu forum is a Q/A place for Ubuntu users. Canonical found out that the breach was due to a vulnerability in the third party vBuleting platform that powers the forum, and they have patched it. They backed up the servers running vBulletin, wiped them clean and rebuilt them from the ground up. They also had reset the system and database passwords. The monitoring of third party vBulletin has been tightened and ModSecuriy, a web application firewall has been installed to help prevent similar attacks in future.
This should not in any case makes you think Linux us less secure. Ubuntu Forum is a website and the hack has been possible due to a third - party app. The Linux and Ubuntu, and other Linux distributions are perfectly safe to use and offers the best security.
Friday, 15 July 2016
With Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus, Ubuntu has added a feature of moving the Unity Launcher to the bottom of the screen that had stuck up to the left side till now. This has been a long awaited feature for Ubuntu users and has been rolled out in Unity 7. To move Unity launcher to bottom of the screen in Ubuntu, you will have to run a terminal command.
|Unity Launcher at the bottom of screen|
Up til now, Canonical's founder Mark Shuttleworth has constantly refused the option of moving the Ubuntu launcher from it's default left position. 6 years have passed by since the Unity Desktop Environment was launched, and finally seeing the option is great.
Now there may be questions like why is their the need of moving the Ubuntu launcher from it's default position. A daily user of Ubuntu like me prefer exactly where it is. But when you think about the users shifting from Windows to Ubuntu (or even trying), this brings some comfort in use. Also, the normal screen today come in a rectangular size allowing more icons to be put on the launcher when the launcher is at the bottom and not to the left.
Plus, the ultimate goal of a open source software / OS is to provide the freedom to use. So shouldn't the choice be left to the user as to where to put it.
Now, lets see how you can move the Ubuntu launcher to bottom and revert back to left in case you don't find it much useful.
Moving Unity Launcher to bottom
Open Terminal by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T, or from the launcher. Type in the following command and press enter.
gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Launcher launcher-position Bottom
In case you feel the default left side for Ubuntu Launcher is fine, type in the following command in Terminal to revert back to original.
gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Launcher launcher-position Left
There commands are one time and you don't need to run them for every session. There is no graphical way to move the launcher in Ubuntu. However, there is a third party tool called Unity Tweak Tool that gives you the option to move the launcher to left or bottom along with other features.
How to move launcher using Ubuntu Tweak Tool.
Go to Software Center and install the Ubuntu Tweak Tool. Once done, launch the tool and you will see the below options.
Under the Unity Menu, you will find the "Launcher" option. Click on it, and you will the all different launcher options:
You can select the position of Ubuntu Launcher from Left and Bottom. There is no "Right" and "Top" options available as of now.
Do you like the launcher in left position or at the bottom? Tell us in the comments.
Thursday, 14 July 2016
Once you have downloaded the Fedora 24 ISO file, you will need to burn it to a DVD or create a live USB. Burning to a DVD is simple process in Windows and right clicking on the ISO file and choosing burn to disc will do the job for you. A live USB can be used to try out the Fedora OS without installing it, or can be used to install as a primary OS or in a dual boot with Windows. That depends on your choice and preference. Here's how you can create a Fedora 24 live USB boot device.
In Windows 10 host.
Download the liveUSB Creator from Fedora website : https://fedorahosted.org/liveusb-creator/
Once the download completes, trigger the installation set up and finish it.
Launch the installation, and select the live CD image and the target device which will be the Pen Drive.
You can also download the Fedora version if you do not have the ISO file already downloaded.
Live USB creator works perfect in Windows 10 and is a complete non-destructive install i.e. you do not need to format or remove data from your Pen Drive and it won't harm the already present data there.
It also supports the automatic downloading the various Fedora releases and the application will automatically detect all of the removable devices.
Live USB creator allows the persistent storage creation, i.e. lets you allocate extra space on your USB stick where you can save files and changes in the OS which will persist in the next boot.
Creating live USB for Fedora from Ubuntu
The first way to create a Fedora 24 live USB is by using the Unetbootin software. You can download the Unetbootin software from the Ubuntu Software Center. Unetbootin allows for the installation of various Linux/BSD distributions to a partition or USB drive, so it's a no different from a standard install, only it doesn't need a CD. It can create a dual-boot install or replace the existing OS entirely. Once you launch the software, you will get the below screen.
Select the desired Distribution and the Version, navigate to the path where you have stored the ISO diskimage which you have downloaded. Select the type which should be "USB Drive" and drive of the removable media. Once done, click OK and a live Fedora 24 bootable USB drive will be created which you can use to try / install Fedora 24.
Second method to create a live USB for Fedora 24 is through the command line.
Plug in the USB disk and find out the disk its mounted on.
sudo fdisk -l
For me, it was /dev/sda3. Next step is to unmount this device
Format the pen drive before you create the bootable disk and use the isohybrid command for an ISO to be recognized by the BIOS.
sudo mkdosfs -n 'driveName' -I /dev/sda3 -F 32
Next step is to create the live USB from the ISO file. Use the dd command :
sudo dd if=filename.iso of=/dev/sda3 bs=4k
Once done, you can sync and eject the device.
sudo eject /dev/sda3
Once you are done with creating live USB for Fedora 24, you can try installing Fedora 24 in Virtual Box. You can return to the complete installation for Fedora 24 for other details.
Wednesday, 13 July 2016
When the GitHubUser Guerra24 shared the image of Ubuntu Desktop - Unity 7 running on Windows 10 natively, the first thing that came in my mind was, why! Why is there the need (of course for Canonical) to run on Windows?
Guerra24 on the GitHub wrote that he was able to run Unity inside WSL, and although there were many issues and bugs and it's just a sort of hack, the image posted by him was promising. He was also able to port xfce4 desktop environment.
We can see the Ubuntu and Unity running on Windows. The only programs that can be run are from the panel and using terminal is not possible as of now. You can't logout from Ubuntu by the usual process, you will need to exit by closing compiz.
ZDNet even published an article for running the native Ubuntu on Windows 10.
Now, coming to the question. Why is there even a need of running an open-source OS on to the most closed OS? Isn't there a conflict of two different mindset? When the Bash for Windows was launched, it received a mix reaction among the Linux world. Some supported it saying it will improve the reach of the Ubuntu and Linux which is at present has less than 3% market share. Others just hated it, saying it to be the Canonical's worst decision.
If you want to run Linux Ubuntu or any other distro, you can just run it without Windows at all. Canonical has been able to make Ubuntu very user friendly and the wide support of open source enthusiasts has made almost every thing available. There is nothing you can't do on a Linux Mint or Ubuntu. Yes, there comes some geeky steps sometimes, but someone using a PC should be able to carry out these tasks with a little help of Google.
On the other hand, to those who finds Windows 10 user Interface and ease of use better than a Linux OS but still want the powerful console, this is a good thing. Its like, hey I am using a nice OS along with the most powerful OS.
Lets have a healthy discussion, post your views in the comment section.