Thursday, 27 April 2017

How to install Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus in Virtual Box

Canonical has launched Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus with various features and fixes and if you want to try it before upgrading to it, you can install a copy of the latest Ubuntu release in Virtual Box and check by yourself if you really need to upgrade.

Ubuntu 17.04

In this article, we will show you how to install Ubuntu 17.04 in Virtual Box.

I assume that you have downloaded and set up Virtual Box already and have the Ubuntu 17.04 ISO file ready with you. You can download the ISO file from the link: Ubuntu ISO download page.

Setting up Virtual Box

The first half includes setting up of Virtual Box, assigning storage and RAM and choosing the ISO file to boot from.

Open Virtual Box and click on New.

Give it a name - Ubuntu1704 and it will automatically update the Type and version. Also, specify the Memory Size (RAM) here. I would suggest you to go with at least 4 GB of RAM. Under Hard Disk option, Create a virtual hard disk now is selected, do not disturb it unless you know what are doing. Click Create, a dialogue box will appear as shown below.

You can select the file location for the VM drive you are creating. Specify the disk space you want to allocate to the Virtual Hard Disk you are creating for Ubuntu 17.04. Also, under the Hard disk file type, I prefer keeping VDI - VirtualBox Disk Image and keep the drive dynamically allocated.

Click on Create and you will see a New Ubuntu 17.04 Machine in the left panel.

Now, before you start this machine, the VM will need the ISO location to boot from. Click on Settings and under Storage section, you will see different options.

Under Controller : IDE section, click on Empty. Now in the right side under Attributes, click on the CD drive icon and choose the first option : Choose a virtual disk option. Locate the ISO you have downloaded for Ubuntu 17.04 and click OK.

The first part to install Ubuntu 17.04 in Virtual Box is done. Lets look to the second part. Remember that if you are not satisfied about the selections of memory or storage, you can click on Settings and always change that.

Installing Ubuntu 17.04 in Virtual Box

Now start the Virtual Machine by clicking on Start. Ubuntu will boot and the installation screen will appear. You will have the option of trying Ubuntu or installing it. We will have to install Ubuntu 17.04 in Virtual Box so that we do not need to boot it from the ISO each time.

Choose Install Ubuntu after selecting the language from the left side.

The next screen will ask you whether you want to download and install third party software for graphics, wifi, flash, mp3 and other media. Select it to save some time downloading each of them manually and click on Continue.

The next screen is Installation Type. Since you are installing Ubuntu 17.04 in Virtual Box, select the first option : Erase disk and Install Ubuntu. There is no need to create of resize partitions. Also, you can select to Encrypt the new Ubuntu installation for security and use of LVM for the new Ubuntu installation. Once done, click on Install Now. Ignore the warning screen.

Next screen will ask your location.

Select your desired Keyboard layout from the options and click on Continue.

The next screen will ask your name, your PC name, a username with which you will login and password along with it. Fill all the details and click on Continue.

The installation process will begin and it will take some time to complete.

Installation will take some time as it will download various third party plugins. Once done, you are all good with the Ubuntu 17.04 installation in Virtual Box. Once the installation process completes, shutdown the Ubuntu and start again. Congratulations, you have successfully installed Ubuntu 17.04 in Virtual Box. 

If you face any problem in the installation process, let me know in the comments and I will try to solve it. 

Sunday, 16 April 2017

Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus available now

Ubuntu 17.04 code named Zesty Zapus is the 26th release for Ubuntu and is available to the end users. The release was in development from some time and will be supported for 9 months from April. The new Ubuntu release will support Kubernetes, Docker, LXD and Snaps and contains various bug fixes and software updates. With Mark Shuttleworth announcing the shutting down of Unity DE, the 17.04 and 17.10 release will run Unity 7 only. 

Ubuntu 17.10 Zesty Zapus

What's new in Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus 

Running on Linux Kernel 4.10, Ubuntu 17.04 has various new features and updates. 

  • LibreOffice updated to 5.3
  • Supports printers which allow printing without printer-specific drivers. 
  • 32-bit PowerPC support dropped 
  • Default DNS resolver is now systemd-resolved.
  • For new installs, a swap file is used instead of swap partition. 
  • Apps provided by Gnome has been updated to 3.24.
  • Calendar app has a week view now.
  • Unity 8 is available as an alternative session. 
and more. You can read the complete update logs here.

The Ubuntu 17.04 release will use a swap file instead of swap partitions making the use of OS a bit faster in a resource crunch situation. Also, the Snaps is now been supported across 10 distributions including Arch and Fedora. Snap is a packaging tool from Canonical. There is support for AMD Ryzen and Intel Kaby Lake processors. 

Download Ubuntu 17.04 Zest Zapus 

You can download the latest Ubuntu release from the official website : You can find download links and torrents links to download Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus. 

Upgrading to Ubuntu 17.04 from Ubuntu 16.10

To upgrade to Ubuntu 17.04 from 16.10, open Dash and search for Software Updater

  • In Software Updater, Select Updates and set the Notify me of a new Ubuntu version drop down menu to For any new version
  • Press Alt + F2 and type update-manager which will open the update manager confirming you for a new release availability. 
  • Click Upgrade and follow the on-screen instructions to upgrade to Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus. 

My Thoughts

If you are running the Ubuntu 16.04 LTS release, I will suggest to stick to it and wait for the next years 18.04 LTS release since the 17.04 Zesty Zapus do not pack something great. However, if you are a Ubuntu lover and wants to remain updated, go for it. 

Friday, 7 April 2017

Ubuntu ditched Unity for 18.04 LTS, returns to GNOME

Unity / GNOME

In a surprising move, Mark Shuttleworth announced in a blog post the shifting of default Ubuntu DE Unity to GNOME for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. Along with it, he also announced the shutting down of Convergence and Ubuntu Phones and that Canonical will no longer invest in them. Canonical has worked a lot over refining the Unity desktop over these years and the shift to the classic GNOME desktop environment is something which the Ubuntu users are finding hard to believe. Some Linux users who switched from Ubuntu just because they didn't like the Unity interface are more than happy, though. 

Mark Shuttleworth writes: 

I’m writing to let you know that we will end our investment in Unity8, the phone and convergence shell. We will shift our default Ubuntu desktop back to GNOME for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.

He also wrote that Canonical will keep on investing in Ubuntu Desktop, servers, VMs, Cloud and IoT. The Ubuntu Desktop will feature GNOME desktop by default from 18.04 LTS and will get constant updates. 

Now, there are 2 sides of this announcement. One side is happier with Ubuntu returning to GNOME who always found Unity horrible and switched to Linux Mint or other Ubuntu derivatives after the frustration Unity caused to them. The other side feels Unity was the thing that kept Ubuntu a different OS than other. If anyone wants to use GNOME, he can switch to Debian for example. Plus. spending a good amount of time and resources refining a DE and then ditching it is a bad move!

It's been 6 years when Ubuntu switched to Unity as default user interface and there are chances that Unity will continue as a community-driven project along side Ubuntu touch and Convergence. However, it won't be supported/invested from the company anymore. 

Time will tell if this decision of switching from Unity to GNOME is right. However, shutting down the Convergence is undoubtedly not a good news. With the aim of single OS for different devices and plugging a phone to a desktop and a keyboard to use it as an equivalent to PC is a great thing. Microsoft is trying the same with Continuum and I had hoped Ubuntu will succeed the race. Now, with dropping the development there is no choice anymore!

Are you happy with the decision of GNOME over Unity? Why / Why not, let us know in the comments. Lets have a healthy discussion.